Registered users receive a variety of benefits including the ability to customize email alerts, create favorite journals list, and save searches.
Please note that a BioOne web account does not automatically grant access to full-text content. An institutional or society member subscription is required to view non-Open Access content.
Contact email@example.com with any questions.
The taxonomy of Neurachninane has been unstable, with its member genera consisting of Ancistrachne, Calyptochloa, Cleistochloa, Dimorphochloa, Neurachne, Paraneurachne and Thyridolepis, changing since its original circumscription that comprised only the latter three genera. Recent studies on the phylogeny of Neurachninae have focused primarily on molecular data. We analysed the phylogeny of Neurachninae on the basis of molecular data from seven molecular loci (plastid markers: matK, ndhF, rbcL, rpl16, rpoC2 and trnLF, and ribosomal internal transcribed spacer, ITS) and morphological data from 104 morphological characters, including new taxonomically informative micromorphology of upper paleas. We devised an impact assessment scoring (IAS) protocol to aid selection of a tree for inferring the phylogeny of Neurachninae. Combining morphological and molecular data resulted in a well resolved phylogeny with the highest IAS value. Our findings support reinstatement of subtribe Neurachninae in its original sense, Neurachne muelleri and Dimorphochloa rigida. We show that Ancistrachne, Cleistochloa and Dimorphochloa are not monophyletic and Ancistrachne maidenii, Calyptochloa, Cleistochloa and Dimorphochloa form a new group, the cleistogamy group, united by having unique morphology associated with reproductive dimorphism.
Macro-morphological data were analysed to assess the distinctiveness and revise the taxonomy of 14 species, varieties and tag-named taxa in five informal species groups of ebracteate-erect forget-me-nots endemic to New Zealand. The following nine species are recognised: Myosotis albosericea Hook.f., M. brockiei L.B.Moore & M.J.A.Simpson, M. capitata Hook.f., M. concinna Cheeseman, M. goyenii Petrie, M. laeta Cheeseman, M. monroi Cheeseman, M. rakiura L.B.Moore, and M. traversii Hook.f. Three species have two allopatric subspecies each in the South Island, distinguished by few, minor morphological characters, including Myosotis brockiei subsp. brockiei and M. brockiei subsp. dysis Courtney & Meudt subsp. nov., M. goyenii subsp. goyenii and M. goyenii subsp. infima Meudt & Heenan, and M. traversii subsp. cantabrica (L.B.Moore) Meudt comb. et stat. nov. and M. traversii subsp. traversii. Myosotis × cinerascens Petrie is hypothesised to be a rare natural hybrid involving M. traversii subsp. cantabrica and another species, possibly M. colensoi. Several vegetative and floral characteristics can distinguish the study taxa from one another and from other ebracteate-erect species. The nine species plus M. × cinerascens are included in the taxonomic treatment, and the key also includes other recently revised ebracteate-erect species.
The Acrotylaceae (Gigartinales) has been an obscure, puzzling red-algal family composed of six genera (Acrotylus, Amphiplexia, Antrocentrum, Claviclonium, Hennedya and Ranavalona) that have virtually no habit and vegetative features remotely in common. Excepting Amphiplexia, with two species, all are monotypic and, save for Ranavalona, endemic to the southern half of Australia, Ranavalona being known only by a single collection from southern Madagascar. The most noteworthy unifying feature of the genera is the cystocarps, in which carposporangial filaments grow into a hollow cavity from inner hull layers. In almost all other respects, apart from zonate tetrasporangia, there are no anatomical features that appear uniformly throughout the complex. Molecular studies indicate that the family is composed of the Acrotylaceae sensu stricto (for Acrotylus, Hennedya and Ranavalona) and the newly proposed Clavicloniaceae (for Claviclonium, Amphiplexia and Antrocentrum). We recognise a new species of Acrotylus (A. cryptographicus) and transfer Rhabdonia mollis Harvey and R. hamata Zanardini to Antrocentrum. Closest affinities of both families lie with the Dicranemataceae, Mychodeaceae and Mychodeophyllaceae of the Gigartinales. The South African genus Reinboldia, which is based on a single 19th century collection, has been questionably included in the Acrotylaceae previously but should, in our opinion, be excluded.