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1 September 2007 Detection of Antibodies to Egg Drop Syndrome Virus in Chicken Serum Using a Field-Based Immunofiltration (Flow-Through) Test
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Abstract

A simple, user-friendly, and rapid method to detect the presence of antibodies to egg drop syndrome 76 (EDS) virus in chicken sera based on an immunofiltration (flow-through) test was developed. Purified EDS virus antigen was coated onto nitrocellulose membranes housed in a plastic module with layers of absorbent filter pads underneath. Following addition of serum to be tested and washing, monoclonal antibodies or polyclonal serum to chicken immunoglobulin G (IgG) was used as a bridge antibody to mediate binding between EDS virus-specific IgG and protein A gold conjugate. The appearance of a pink dot indicated the presence of antibodies to EDS virus in the sample tested. The results could be obtained within 5–10 min. The developed immunofiltration test could detect antibodies in the sera of experimentally vaccinated chickens from 2 wk postvaccination. With field sera samples, this test was positive in samples having hemagglutination inhibition titers of 8 and above. This test has the potential to be used as a field-based kit to assess seroconversion in EDS-vaccinated flocks.

G. Dhinakar Raj, V. Thiagarajan, and K. Nachimuthu "Detection of Antibodies to Egg Drop Syndrome Virus in Chicken Serum Using a Field-Based Immunofiltration (Flow-Through) Test," Avian Diseases 51(3), 788-790, (1 September 2007). https://doi.org/10.1637/0005-2086(2007)51[788:DOATED]2.0.CO;2
Received: 17 November 2006; Accepted: 1 April 2007; Published: 1 September 2007
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