In order to support eradication efforts of avian influenza (AI) infections in poultry, the implementation of “differentiation of infected from vaccinated animals” (DIVA) vaccination strategies has been recommended by international organizations. These systems enable the detection of field exposure in vaccinated flocks, and through this detection, infected flocks may be properly managed, thus interrupting the perpetuation of the infectious cycle. A promising system, based on the detection of antibodies to the nonstructural 1 (NS1) protein of AI, has been deemed a good candidate. However, there are presently no data available, in support of this DIVA system, with regard to the kinetics of antibody production against the NS1 proteins in poultry following infection. The present investigation was undertaken to establish the dynamics of the appearance of anti-NS1 antibodies in a naïve population. Following experimental infection of turkeys, antibodies to a peptide spanning the c-terminal of the NS1 protein were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) starting between day 3 and day 5 postinfection. In contrast, no antibodies to the NS1 peptide could be detected in chickens over the test period. In addition, the turkeys and chickens reacted differently at a clinical level to the infection by the H9N2 challenge virus. Taken together, these findings indicate that there is a significant difference in the viral replication in turkeys and chickens, resulting in a variation in the production of antibodies to NS1, as detected by the peptide-based ELISA used. This fact must be taken into consideration when using a DIVA system based on the identification of antibodies to the NS1 protein.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 51 • No. s1