Fourteen infectious bronchitis viruses (IBVs) detected in broiler, broiler breeder, and layer flocks in Slovenia between 2007 and 2009 were molecularly analyzed by reverse transcription–PCR and direct sequencing of the S1 gene. Phylogenetic analyses based on partial S1 gene sequences revealed that seven strains were classified as the Italy 02 genotype, a genetic group of IBV that has not previously been detected in Slovenia. Another seven strains were classified as the QX genotype. The results of phylogenetic analyses and epidemiologic investigations revealed that the genetic classification correlates with the geographic origins of the IBV strains. Greater genetic variability (maximum nucleotide and amino acid divergences were 4.8% and 9.9%, respectively) was observed within the Slovenian strains from the Italy 02 genotype detected between 2007 and 2009 than within strains from the QX genotype isolated in 2008 and 2009 (1.2% and 1.3%, respectively). The Slovenian strains classified as the Italy 02 genotype form a separate genetic cluster. These strains shared five specific amino acid substitutions that became fixed during the period of surveillance. Strains from the QX genotype that shared one specific amino acid substitution also form a separate genetic cluster.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 55 • No. 1