An outbreak of avian influenza, caused by an H9N2 low-pathogenic avian influenza virus (AIV), occurred in a chicken farm and caused severe economic losses due to mortality and diarrhea. AIV was isolated and identified in a sample from an affected native Korean chicken. Genetic analysis of the isolate revealed a high sequence similarity to genes of novel reassortant H9N2 viruses isolated from slaughterhouses and live bird markets in Korea in 2008 and 2009. Animal challenge studies demonstrated that the replication kinetics and pathogenicity of the isolate were considerably altered due to adaptation in chickens. Vaccine protection studies indicated that commercial vaccine was not able to prevent virus shedding and clinical disease when chickens were challenged with the isolate. These results suggest that the novel H9N2 virus possesses the capacity to replicate efficiently in the respiratory system against vaccination and to cause severe disease in domestic chickens. The results also highlight the importance of appropriate updating of vaccine strains, based on continuous surveillance data, to prevent the possibility of a new H9N2 epidemic in Korea.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 55 • No. 4