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11 October 2018 Phylogenetic Evidence of a Close Relationship between the Peruvian Strain Vfar-043 and Two U.S. Origin Iltv Field Strains
Sandra Morales Ruiz, Jorge Bendezu, Luis Tataje-Lavanda, Manolo Fernández-Díaz
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Abstract

Infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) is the causative agent of an acute respiratory avian disease known as infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT), which has been associated with economic losses in poultry. The presence of ILTV has been widely reported in South American countries; however, only one full genomic sequence (VFAR-043 strain) has been recently published, from an outbreak in Peru. The aim of this study was to determine the genetic relationship of the Peruvian strain with other ILTV strains from different geographic regions. The phylogenetic analyses revealed a close relationship between VFAR-043 and two U.S. origin strains (1874C5 and J2) using only the whole genome, Unique Long (UL), and Unique Short (US) genomic regions. Then these three genomic sequences were compared to evaluate their genetic variations using the USDAref as a reference strain. Genetic variations such as synonymous and nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms, insertions, deletions, and nucleotide-codon variations were identified among these three strains. Moreover, the phylogenetic tree analysis using gene sequences of the US5 and ICP4 coding regions from South American isolates showed that VFAR-043 does not have a close relationship with either the Argentinian (US5) or Brazilian (ICP4) reported sequences. However, a close relationship was observed between VFAR-043 and another Peruvian isolate (USP-81) when the ICP4 gene sequence was analyzed. All these results suggest that VFAR-043 together with 1874C5 and J2 are closely related. These findings contribute to our understanding of the epidemiology of ILTV in South America.

Sandra Morales Ruiz, Jorge Bendezu, Luis Tataje-Lavanda, and Manolo Fernández-Díaz "Phylogenetic Evidence of a Close Relationship between the Peruvian Strain Vfar-043 and Two U.S. Origin Iltv Field Strains," Avian Diseases 62(4), 388-396, (11 October 2018). https://doi.org/10.1637/11939-073018-Reg.1
Received: 6 August 2018; Accepted: 4 October 2018; Published: 11 October 2018
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KEYWORDS
genetic variation
ILTV strain
infectious laryngotracheitis virus
Peru
phylogenetic analyses
SNP
South America
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