Turkey arthritis reovirus (TARV) causes tenosynovitis in turkeys, resulting in decreased profits for producers due to the increase in morbidity, mortality, and feed conversion ratio. There is limited information on TARV epidemiology, including the dynamics of diagnostic submissions to veterinary diagnostic laboratories. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed 719 cases of lameness in turkeys submitted to the Minnesota Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory from March 2010 to May 2018. Almost all submissions were tendon pools, which were tested by virus isolation and/or real-time reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction. Most of the submissions were from Minnesota. We found 52% of the submitted cases to be positive for TARV. The TARV-positive submissions increased considerably in the last few years. There was no statistical evidence that TARV diagnostic submissions were seasonal, although positive submissions were higher in January, April, July, and December. TARV-positive submissions also increased as flocks aged. In summary, we found that TARV submissions have increased in the last few years, have varied over time, and are correlated with age of the bird. This information is important guidance for conducting more studies to understand TARV infection dynamics.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 63 • No. 4