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7 December 2020 Outbreaks of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus in Goslings Characterized by Central Nervous Symptoms
C. Hess, D. Jandreski-Cvetkovic, D. Liebhart, I. Bilic, M. Hess
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Abstract

The present report describes outbreaks of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus in young geese flocks in Austria. The flocks, comprising 160–1450 goslings of 2–3 wk of age, experienced increased mortalities The clinical signs were characterized by severe central nervous symptoms, namely leg paddling and torticollis. The postmortem investigation revealed hepatitis, splenitis, and a low amount of liquid fluid in the coelomic cavity. Livers were of fragile texture, with white necrotic areas. The latter were also found in spleens. No macroscopic lesions were seen in brains. Bacteriologic investigation followed by bacterial identification by matrix-assisted laser desorption time-of-flight mass spectrometry and phylogenetic analysis of the partial 16S rRNA region revealed the presence in heart, liver, spleen, and brain of S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus. Histologic investigation revealed multifocal necrosis in liver and spleen samples together with infiltration of mononuclear cells and heterophilic granulocytes. Furthermore, in the lesions, coccoid bacteria could be identified. No histopathologic changes were observed in brain samples from goslings, except in one bird in which accumulation of coccoid bacteria in blood vessels of the brain samples was present. Antibiotic sensitivity tests revealed identical profiles for all strains, which were susceptible to penicillins, cephalosporins, chloramphenicol, imipenem, and tylosin. However, resistance was found against quinolones, aminoglycosides, tetracycline, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, which are commonly used to treat infections with gram-positive bacteria.

C. Hess, D. Jandreski-Cvetkovic, D. Liebhart, I. Bilic, and M. Hess "Outbreaks of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus in Goslings Characterized by Central Nervous Symptoms," Avian Diseases 65(1), 165-170, (7 December 2020). https://doi.org/10.1637/aviandiseases-D-20-00101
Received: 27 August 2020; Accepted: 6 December 2020; Published: 7 December 2020
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