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30 October 2018 Maternal and fetal intrauterine tissue crosstalk promotes proinflammatory amplification and uterine transition
Kelycia B. Leimert, Angela Messer, Theora Gray, Xin Fang, Sylvain Chemtob, David M. Olson
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Abstract

Birth is a complex biological event requiring genetic, cellular, and physiological changes to the uterus, resulting in a uterus activated for completing the physiological processes of labor. We define the change from the state of pregnancy to the state of parturition as uterine transitioning, which requires the actions of inflammatorymediators and localized paracrine interactions between intrauterine tissues. Few studies have examined the in vitro interactions between fetal and maternal gestational tissues within this proinflammatory environment. Thus, we designed a co-culture model to address this gap, incorporating primary term human myometrium smooth muscle cells (HMSMCs) with human fetal membrane (hFM) explants to study interactions between the tissues. We hypothesized that crosstalk between tissues at term promotes proinflammatory expression and uterine transitioning for parturition. Outputs of 40 cytokines and chemokines encompassing a variety of proinflammatory roles were measured; all but one increased significantly with coculture. Eighteen of the 39 cytokines increased to a higher abundance than the sum of the effect of each tissue cultured separately. In addition, COX2 and IL6 but not FP and OXTR mRNA abundance significantly increased in both HMSMCs and hFM in response to co-culture. These data suggest that synergistic proinflammatory upregulation within intrauterine tissues is involved with uterine transitioning.

Summary Sentence

Intrauterine tissue crosstalk, measured in vitro by co-culture of human fetal membrane tissue explants with primary human myometrium smooth muscle cells, promotes proinflammatory amplification and uterine transition for labor.

© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Society for the Study of Reproduction. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com
Kelycia B. Leimert, Angela Messer, Theora Gray, Xin Fang, Sylvain Chemtob, and David M. Olson "Maternal and fetal intrauterine tissue crosstalk promotes proinflammatory amplification and uterine transition," Biology of Reproduction 100(3), 783-797, (30 October 2018). https://doi.org/10.1093/biolre/ioy232
Received: 18 August 2018; Accepted: 29 October 2018; Published: 30 October 2018
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