Infertility has become the third most common disease threatening human health, immediately after tumors and cardiovascular diseases. Male infertility is primarily caused by spermatogenesis disorders that may be classified as either genetic or non-genetic. For part of non-genetic disorders, in vitro spermatogenesis can be induced by adjusting the microenvironment of the testis culture. Establishing the in vitro spermatogenic induction system helps to clarify the critical molecular mechanisms in spermatogonia self-renewal, spermatocyte meiosis, and sperm formation during spermatogenesis. In this review, we summarize recent advances in the field of in vitro sperm cells induction. Therefore, we hope to provide ideas and solutions for the clinical treatment of male infertility.
Summary Sentence This review provides recent advances in the field of in vitro sperm cells induction and discusses potential clinical value of in vitro spermatogenesis.