Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are complex mixtures of congeners that exhibit carcinogenic and toxicant activities in a variety of mammalian tissues. Here, we studied the acute in vivo and in vitro effects of a commercially used PCB product, Aroclor 1248 (A1248), a mixture of tri-, tetra-, and pentachloro congeners. Single intraperitoneal (i.p.) or bilateral intratesticular (i.t.) injections of A1248 decreased serum androgen levels in both groups 24 h after injection. Chorionic gonadotropin–stimulated androgen production by acute testicular cultures from both groups was also reduced, and progesterone production was attenuated in cultures from i.t.-treated animals. The capacity of the postmitochondrial fractions from testes of i.t.-treated animals to convert pregnenolone to progesterone and progesterone to testosterone was reduced as well. In vitro studies revealed that a 10- to 15-min exposure of postmitochondrial testicular fractions and intact interstitial cells from normal animals to A1248 in a subnanomolar concentration range was sufficient to attenuate the conversion of pregnenolone to progesterone and progesterone to testosterone. At micromolar concentrations, A1248 added in vitro also inhibited the conversion of Δ4-androstendione to testosterone without affecting the viability of interstitial cells. These results indicate that A1248 down-regulates the testicular androgenesis by an acute inhibition of 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, 17α-hydroxylase/lyase, and 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activities.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.