Angiogenesis in the preovulatory follicle is confined to the theca cell layers, and penetration of capillaries through the basement membrane into the granulosa cell layers does not occur until after ovulation. However, elevated expression of the angiogenic growth factor (VEGF) has been reported in the cumulus cells surrounding the oocyte, which are expelled from the follicle during ovulation. This spatial and temporal discrepancy between VEGF expression and angiogenesis was studied here in the rat ovarian follicle, and we showed that cumulus cells secrete to the follicular fluid, in addition to VEGF, material with antiangiogenic activity that blocks endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and capillary formation in vitro. Hyaluronic acid produced by the cumulus cells can account for this antiangiogenic activity. Degradation of hyaluronic acid by hyaluronidase restored proliferation and migration of endothelial cells directed toward the cumulus. Inhibition of hyaluronic acid synthesis with 6-diazo-5-oxo-1-norleucine restored endothelial proliferation and migration in vitro, and it also resulted in early penetration of capillaries across the follicular basement membrane in vivo. These results support the role of hyaluronic acid produced by the cumulus cells as a high-molecular-weight, antiangiogenic shield that prevents premature vascularization of the preovulatory follicle by blocking endothelial cell migration and proliferation.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.