In this study, we determined the relative role of LH and FSH in initiating the pubertal proliferation of Sertoli cells in primates. Sixteen juvenile male rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) bearing venous catheters received intermittent intravenous infusions of single chain human LH (schLH) or recombinant human FSH (rhFSH) or a combination of both for 11 days. The schLH infusion elicited a physiological testosterone response. On Day 11, monkeys were castrated, and one-half of a testis was fixed in Bouin's fluid. Infusion of the gonadotropins, either alone or in combination, effected a significant increase in testicular weight, seminiferous cord diameter, and the number of Sertoli cells per testis (schLH, 295 ± 46 × 106; rhFSH, 342 ± 64 × 106; LH FSH, 298 ± 26 × 106 versus vehicle, 204 ± 26 × 106). The latter finding indicated that LH, in addition to FSH, plays a critical role in the initiation of the pubertal proliferation of Sertoli cells in primates. Moreover, combined gonadotropin treatment led to the appearance of germ cells as mature as early primary spermatocytes, indicating that initiation of spermatogenesis had been set in motion. Because the duration of hormone stimulation was only 11 days, the latter result suggests that Leydig and Sertoli cells of the juvenile monkey testis can immediately transduce a gonadotropin signal to the germ cell.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.