An analysis of the pattern of expression of the mouse placental hormone prolactin-like protein A (PLP-A) has revealed that this hormone is expressed exclusively in secondary trophoblast giant cells but not in primary giant cells. Thus, PLP-A serves as a marker for a subset of giant cells. Recent results have indicated that PLP-A binds to and inhibits the activity of natural killer cells, and thus, the localized expression of PLP-A may be important for regulating the activity of this class of T lymphocytes in a restricted region of the implantation site. Previous studies indicated that the transcription factor GATA-2 is required for the trophoblast giant cell-specific expression of two other hormones in the prolactin family, placental lactogen I and proliferin. In the absence of GATA-2, PLP-A continues to be expressed, but in this mutant background, PLP-A mRNA is detected in both primary and secondary giant cells. Thus, GATA-2 contributes both to positive and negative regulation of trophoblast giant cell-specific gene expression, and this factor apparently plays an important role in generating or maintaining the distinct functions of secondary, compared with primary, trophoblast giant cells.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.