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1 February 2001 Sulfated Glycoconjugates Are Powerful Modulators of Bovine Sperm Adhesion and Release from the Oviductal Epithelium In Vitro
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Abstract

The mechanisms of sperm adhesion and release within the mammalian oviduct are still poorly understood. In this in vitro study, a previously developed adhesion assay was used to analyze the effects of heparin, N-desulfated heparin, fucoidan, dextran sulfate, and dextran on bovine sperm-oviductal cell adhesion and release. Results showed that 1) all sulfated glycoconjugates were powerful inhibitors of sperm binding to oviductal monolayers in a dose-dependent manner, whereas N-desulfated heparin and dextran had no effect; 2) sperm pretreatment with heparin and fucoidan markedly inhibited adhesion; 3) treatment of oviductal monolayers with heparinase I, II, or sodium chlorate (an inhibitor of sulfation) had no effect on sperm adhesion; 4) sulfated glycoconjugates were also powerful and quick inducers of sperm release from oviductal monolayers; and 5) addition of sulfated glycoconjugates to the cocultures caused a sudden increase of bound-sperm flagellar beat frequencies, followed by a release of highly motile sperm. In conclusion, these data support the hypothesis that sulfated glycoconjugates may act as signals that induce sperm release and migration from the oviductal reservoir.

Riccardo Talevi and Roberto Gualtieri "Sulfated Glycoconjugates Are Powerful Modulators of Bovine Sperm Adhesion and Release from the Oviductal Epithelium In Vitro," Biology of Reproduction 64(2), 491-498, (1 February 2001). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod64.2.491
Received: 13 June 2000; Accepted: 1 September 2000; Published: 1 February 2001
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