A system for transplanting invasive equine trophoblast (i.e., chorionic girdle) to ectopic sites has been developed as a means to study the differentiation of this tissue and to assess maternal immune responses to the conceptus tissue in a site outside the uterus. Chorionic girdle was isolated from Day 33 to 34 conceptuses and surgically placed into the vulvar mucosa or subdermal skin of recipient mares. Biopsy specimens of the graft sites for immunohistochemical staining were taken at weekly or biweekly intervals after grafting. Serum samples were collected from each recipient and tested for antibody to donor major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigens using the lymphocyte microcytotoxicity assay. Transplanted trophoblast cells expressed differentiation markers associated with invading chorionic girdle and endometrial cup cells. The transplanted trophoblast cells were also labeled by an antibody to eCG. Strong cellular and humoral immune responses to the transplanted tissue were mounted by the recipients, similar to those occurring during normal equine pregnancy. Despite these responses, the invasive trophoblast transplants survived for at least 28 days after grafting and downregulated MHC class I antigens, as do the mature endometrial cup cells in equine pregnancy. These findings suggest that invasive equine trophoblast has the capacity to differentiate fully in equine nonuterine tissues, and that it can evade maternal immune responses independent of the physiological state of pregnancy and in sites other than the uterus.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.