Cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR), multidrug-resistant (MDR)1, and multidrug resistance-associated (MRP) proteins belong to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily. A compensatory regulation of MDR1 and CFTR gene expression has been observed in CFTR knockout rodent intestine and in an epithelial cell line of human colon, whereas a high homology and similar anion binding site are shared by MRP and CFTR proteins. To provide better insight into the relationship among the expression behavior in vivo of the three genes in human testis, analysis of MDR1 and MRP gene expression in testicular biopsies was performed and related to the presence of CFTR gene mutations in congenital absence of the vas deferens (CAVD: n = 20) and non-CAVD (n = 30) infertile patients with azoospermia or severe oligozoospermia. A CFTR mutation analysis performed in both groups of patients supported the involvement of CFTR gene mutations in CAVD phenotype (85%) and in defective spermatogenesis (19%). Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis of testicular tissue showed a CFTR-independent MDR1 and MRP gene expression in human testis, suggesting that the mechanisms underlying CFTR gene regulation in testis are different from those in intestine. These findings should contribute to the understanding of patterns of in vivo expression of CFTR, MDR1, and MRP genes in CFTR-related infertility.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.