H1t is a testis-specific variant histone 1 gene transcribed in pachytene spermatocytes. As part of a program to understand its transcriptional control, we have investigated the effect of the cap-proximal, GC-rich silencer element in the context of various lengths of upstream sequence. By transient transfection of NIH 3T3 cells, we showed that a targeted mutation in the silencer has a large (>10-fold) effect on reporter gene expression, regardless of the length of upstream sequence present. No other discrete silencing activity was observed in the upstream region extending to nucleotide −1842. Similarly, when the silencer mutation was introduced into the natural gene, H1t expression was readily detected in permanently transfected cells by both RNase protection and Western blot analysis, regardless of the extent of 5′ or 3′ flanking genomic DNA. In constructs with the mutated silencer, we showed interdependence of the characteristic H1 AC and TG box regulatory elements. Promoter up-regulation occurred only when both were intact, and possibly identical binding factors were demonstrated for each by electrophoretic mobility shift assays. In view of its precisely regulated but limited expression, it is interesting that H1t retains all the promoter elements known to activate standard H1 genes, including the TG/AC unit, SP1 site, and CCAAT element. Their presence emphasizes the apparent dominance of the silencer element in most cells.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.