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1 December 2001 Identification of a Translocation Deficiency in Cortical Granule Secretion in Preovulatory Mouse Oocytes
Allison L. Abbott, Rafael A. Fissore, Tom Ducibella
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Preovulatory, germinal vesicle (GV)-stage mouse oocytes are unable to undergo normal cortical granule (CG) secretion. Full secretory competence is observed by metaphase II (MII) of meiosis and involves the development of calcium response mechanisms. To identify the deficient or inhibited step in CG secretion, preovulatory GV-stage oocytes were stimulated and tested for their ability to undergo translocation, docking, and/or fusion. The mean CG distance to the plasma membrane was not reduced in fertilized or sperm fraction-injected, GV-stage oocytes relative to that in control GV-stage oocytes. In addition, analysis of individual CG distances to the plasma membrane indicated no subpopulation of CGs competent to translocate. Further analysis demonstrated that secretory incompetence likely is not due to a lack of proximity of CGs to the egg's primary calcium store, the endoplasmic reticulum. Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII), which is reportedly involved in secretory granule translocation and secretion in many cells, including eggs, was investigated. A 60-kDa CaMKII isoform detected by Western blot analysis increased 150% during oocyte maturation. The CaMKII activity assays indicated that MII-stage eggs correspondingly have 110% more maximal activity than GV-stage oocytes. These data demonstrate that the primary secretory deficiency is due to a failure of CG translocation, and that a maturation-associated increase in CaMKII correlates with the acquisition of secretory competence and the ability of the egg to undergo normal activation.

Allison L. Abbott, Rafael A. Fissore, and Tom Ducibella "Identification of a Translocation Deficiency in Cortical Granule Secretion in Preovulatory Mouse Oocytes," Biology of Reproduction 65(6), 1640-1647, (1 December 2001).
Published: 1 December 2001

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