Apoptosis induced in male germ cells following ionizing radiation is dependent on functional p53 (Trp53) being present. We sought to determine whether Fas (Tnfrsf6/CD95/APO-1), an apoptotic factor, is involved in this p53-dependent germ cell death. In p53 knock-out mice exposed to 5 Gy of x-radiation, germ cells were protected from cell death, as assessed by counting apoptotic seminiferous tubules 12 h following radiation. Similarly, spermatid head counts in p53 knock-out mice remained near normal 29 days after exposure to 0.5 Gy of radiation, whereas wild-type animals had a more than twofold reduction in spermatid head counts. Fas mRNA expression remained at pretreatment levels in p53 knock-out mice; however, Fas increased in a time-dependent manner in wild-type mice following exposure to 5 Gy of radiation, indicating that radiation-induced Fas expression is p53-dependent. The functional significance of Fas involvement was demonstrated when lprcg mice, having a nonfunctional Fas receptor, were exposed to 5 Gy of radiation; the number of apoptotic seminiferous tubules 12 h following radiation was significantly reduced compared to that of wild-type mice. Additionally, lprcg mice exposed to 0.5 Gy of radiation had increased spermatid head counts 29 days following radiation compared to wild-type mice. Interestingly, gld mice with a non-functional Fas ligand (Tnfsf6/FasL/CD95L) were as sensitive to radiation as wild-type animals, and levels of FasL mRNA were not affected by radiation treatment. These results indicate that apoptosis and up-regulation of Fas following radiation are both p53-dependent events. Although Fas is necessary, in part, for radiation-induced p53-dependent apoptosis, FasL is not.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.