Ras, a member of the small G-protein family, regulates multiple signaling pathways in somatic cells. The objectives of the present study included the characterization and localization of Ras and the identification of its downstream effectors in hamster spermatozoa. Immunoblot analysis with a pan-Ras monoclonal antibody localized Ras to the particulate fraction of sonicated testicular and caput and cauda epididymal spermatozoa. However, Ras was present in both the particulate and soluble fractions of spermatocytes and round spermatids, suggesting that its membrane recruitment is completed during spermiogenesis. Immunoblots of plasma membrane fractions demonstrated that hamster spermatozoa express both N-Ras and K-Ras. Indirect immunofluorescence with pan-Ras antibody localized Ras to the flagellum. Immunoblot analysis of sperm plasma membrane fractions demonstrated the presence of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) and protein kinase C ζ (PKCζ), the downstream targets of Ras, and coimmunoprecipitation analysis demonstrated their interaction with Ras. Inhibitors of PI3-kinase (wortmannin and 2-(4- morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one) and PKCζ (staurosporine) inhibited the hyperactivation of sperm motility during capacitation in a dose-dependent manner, indicating that both PI3-kinase and PKCζ are associated with development of this motility pattern. The interaction of Ras with both PI3-kinase and PKCζ suggests that Ras may regulate several signaling pathways in spermatozoa.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.