Recently, we found that testicular macrophages produce 25-hydroxycholesterol (25-HC) and express 25-hydroxylase, the enzyme that converts cholesterol to 25-HC. In addition, 25-HC may be an important paracrine factor mediating the known interactions between macrophages and neighboring Leydig cells, because it is efficiently converted to testosterone by Leydig cells. The purpose of the present study was to determine if testosterone can regulate the production of 25-HC in rat testicular macrophages, representing a potential negative-feedback loop from Leydig cells. We found that expression of 25-hydroxylase mRNA and production of 25-HC by cultured testicular macrophages were significantly inhibited by testosterone at 10 μg/ml. This dose of testosterone did not have an effect on cell viability and did not change the rate of mRNA degradation in the presence of actinomycin D. These studies indicate that production of 25-HC is negatively regulated by testosterone, which may be representative of a paracrine negative-feedback loop.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.