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1 May 2003 Up-Regulation of Glucose Metabolism During Male Pronucleus Formation Determines the Early Onset of the S Phase in Bovine Zygotes
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Abstract

After in vitro fertilization with spermatozoa from bulls with high in vitro fertility, a beneficial paternal effect is manifested during the G1 phase of the first cell cycle. This benefit determines an earlier onset of the first S phase, and then a successful morula-blastocyst transition 7 days later. We hypothesized that the origin of the paternal effect could be a shift of the metabolism of the fertilized oocyte, because in mice, sperm decondensation is responsible for a dramatic increase in glucose metabolism. In this study we investigated the interaction between both pronuclei and compared glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) activities in bovine oocytes fertilized with spermatozoa from bulls of high or low fertility. Here we demonstrate that male pronucleus formation is necessary for the onset of the S phase in the female pronucleus, and that the component promoting an early S phase in both pronuclei is metabolic and linked to an up-regulation of the PPP during the male pronucleus formation. This long-lasting paternal effect is more evidence of the important role of epigenetic control during early embryo development.

P. Comizzoli, F. Urner, D. Sakkas, and J. P. Renard "Up-Regulation of Glucose Metabolism During Male Pronucleus Formation Determines the Early Onset of the S Phase in Bovine Zygotes," Biology of Reproduction 68(5), 1934-1940, (1 May 2003). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.102.011452
Received: 23 September 2002; Accepted: 1 November 2002; Published: 1 May 2003
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