After in vitro fertilization with spermatozoa from bulls with high in vitro fertility, a beneficial paternal effect is manifested during the G1 phase of the first cell cycle. This benefit determines an earlier onset of the first S phase, and then a successful morula-blastocyst transition 7 days later. We hypothesized that the origin of the paternal effect could be a shift of the metabolism of the fertilized oocyte, because in mice, sperm decondensation is responsible for a dramatic increase in glucose metabolism. In this study we investigated the interaction between both pronuclei and compared glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) activities in bovine oocytes fertilized with spermatozoa from bulls of high or low fertility. Here we demonstrate that male pronucleus formation is necessary for the onset of the S phase in the female pronucleus, and that the component promoting an early S phase in both pronuclei is metabolic and linked to an up-regulation of the PPP during the male pronucleus formation. This long-lasting paternal effect is more evidence of the important role of epigenetic control during early embryo development.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.