Chorioamnionitis is a common cause of premature birth and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in the mother and infant. Preterm birth shares similarities with rejection of the fetal allograft, which is characterized by increased apoptosis of placental trophoblasts. We hypothesized that there is increased trophoblast apoptosis in chorioamnionitis and that this increased apoptosis is mediated by the Fas ligand (FasL)/Fas pathway. To test our hypothesis, we examined placental villous tissues from patients with chorioamnionitis and used the TUNEL assay to demonstrate enhanced trophoblast apoptosis in patients with chorioamnionitis. When the same samples were stained for Fas, there was increased trophoblast Fas expression in patients with chorioamnionitis. To define the mechanisms responsible for this increase in trophoblast apoptosis, we cultured villous explants from uncomplicated term placentas with proinflammatory cytokines and demonstrated a marked increase in trophoblast apoptosis. By blocking FasL, we reduced tumor necrosis factor α-induced and interferon γ-induced apoptosis. These data suggest that chorioamnionitis is associated with increased trophoblast apoptosis and enhanced trophoblast Fas expression. As a complement to our in vivo study, we demonstrated that cytokine-induced trophoblast apoptosis is mediated in part by the FasL/Fas pathway, suggesting that cytokines promote sensitivity to Fas-mediated apoptosis. These mechanisms may be important in perpetuating inflammation in the placental microenvironment and may contribute to the pathogenesis of chorioamnionitis.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.