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1 December 2003 Spatiotemporal Interactions of Myristoylated Alanine-Rich C Kinase Substrate (MARCKS) Protein with the Actin Cytoskeleton and Exocytosis of Oxytocin upon Prostaglandin F Stimulation of Bovine Luteal Cells
U. Salli, N. Saito, F. Stormshak
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Abstract

In the bovine corpus luteum (CL) phosphorylation of myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS) protein in response to prostaglandin F (PGF) is correlated with the secretion of oxytocin. The present study was conducted to 1) examine the intracellular translocation characteristics of wild-type and mutant forms of a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-conjugated MARCKS (MARCKS-GFP) after PGF treatment and 2) evaluate PGF-induced temporal changes in MARCKS-GFP and actin cortex associated with exocytosis of oxytocin. In experiment 1, cells of the bovine CL were cultured on coverslips overnight. Then, wild-type and mutant MARCKS-GFP constructs were transfected separately into cells and expression was detected through fluorescence microscopy. Forty-eight hours after transfection, cells were treated with vehicle, PGF (56 nM), or a phorbol ester (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate [TPA], 1 μM). Treatment of cells expressing wild-type MARCKS-GFP with PGF and TPA resulted in translocation of MARCKS from the plasma membrane to the cytoplasm within 2.5 min. Phosphorylation mutant MARCKS-GFP (m3) protein was localized on the plasma membrane, and treatments did not cause its translocation to the cytoplasm. Myristoylation mutant MARCKS-GFP (G2A) was observed solely in the cytoplasm, and no changes were detected in the intracellular location of this mutant MARCKS after treatment. In experiment 2, luteal cells were transfected with one of the three MARCKS-GFP constructs. Cells were then fixed and probed sequentially for oxytocin and filamentous actin. Results revealed that only wild-type MARCKS-GFP transfected large luteal cells contained advanced signs of exocytosis (peripheral movement of oxytocin vesicles; shorter actin filaments) with translocation of MARCKS-GFP from membrane to cytoplasm in response to PGF treatment. These data demonstrate that phosphorylation of membrane-bound MARCKS protein is requisite for exocytosis of oxytocin to occur in bovine large luteal cells.

U. Salli, N. Saito, and F. Stormshak "Spatiotemporal Interactions of Myristoylated Alanine-Rich C Kinase Substrate (MARCKS) Protein with the Actin Cytoskeleton and Exocytosis of Oxytocin upon Prostaglandin F Stimulation of Bovine Luteal Cells," Biology of Reproduction 69(6), 2053-2058, (1 December 2003). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.103.017640
Received: 27 March 2003; Accepted: 1 August 2003; Published: 1 December 2003
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