Spermiogenesis is a complex process that is regulated by a plethora of genes and interactions between germ and somatic cells. Here we report a novel mutant mouse strain that carries a transgene insertional/translocational mutation and exhibits dominant male sterility. We named the mutation dominant spermiogenesis defect (Dspd). In the testes of Dspd mutant mice, spermatids detached from the seminiferous epithelium at different steps of the differentiation process before the completion of spermiogenesis. Microinsemination using spermatids collected from the mutant testes resulted in the birth of normal offspring. These observations indicate that the major cause of Dspd infertility is (are) a defect(s) in the Sertoli cell-spermatid interaction or communication in the seminiferous tubules. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis revealed a translocation between chromosomes 7F and 14C at the transgene insertion site. The deletion of a genomic region of chromosome 7F greater than 1 megabase and containing at least six genes (Cttn, Fadd, Fgf3, Fgf4, Fgf15, and Ccnd1) was associated with the translocation. Cttn encodes the actin-binding protein cortactin. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed localization of cortactin beside elongated spermatids in wild-type testes; abnormality of cortactin localization was found in mutant testes. These data suggest an important role of cortactin in Sertoli cell-spermatid interactions and in the Dspd phenotype.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.