We hypothesize that granulosa and theca cells from growing dominant follicles, with relatively high intrafollicular concentrations of estradiol, have a greater expression of genes involved in inhibiting apoptosis pathways and lower expression of genes involved in apoptosis pathways than growing subordinate follicles with lower estradiol concentrations. Using the well-characterized bovine dominant follicle model, we collected granulosa and theca cells from individual dominant and the largest subordinate follicle 3 days after initiation of a follicular wave in four animals. Based on ultrasound analysis, both follicle types were in the growth phase at the time of ovariectomy. However, dominant follicles were larger (9.8 ± 1.0 versus 7.6 ± 0.6 mm in diameter, P < 0.05) and had greater intrafollicular concentrations of estradiol (132.2 ±3 8.5 versus 24.1 ± 12.1 ng/ml, P < 0.05), compared with the largest subordinate follicles. We used bovine cDNA microarrays, which contained a total of 1400 genes, including a subset of 53 genes known to be involved in apoptosis pathways, to determine which apoptosis and marker genes from each of the four dominant versus subordinate follicles were potentially differentially expressed. Using a low stringency-screening criterion, 22 genes were identified. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction confirmed that 16 of these genes were differentially expressed. Our novel results demonstrate that the high intrafollicular concentrations of estradiol in growing dominant follicles were positively associated with enhanced expression of mRNAs in granulosa cells for aromatase, LH receptor, estradiol receptor β, DICE-1, and MCL-1, compared with granulosa cells from subordinate follicles (all survival-associated genes). In contrast, the relatively low intrafollicular concentrations of estradiol in growing subordinate follicles were positively associated with enhanced expression of mRNAs in granulosa cells for β glycan, cyclo-oxygenase-1, tumor necrosis factor α, caspase-activated DNase, and DRAK-2, and in theca cells for β glycan, caspase 13, P58(IPK), Apaf-1, BTG-3, and TS-BCLL, compared with granulosa or theca cells from dominant follicles (genes that are all associated with cell death and/or apoptosis). We suggest that that these genes may be candidate estradiol target genes and that they may be early markers for the final stages of follicle differentiation or initiation of apoptosis and thus selection of dominant follicles during follicular waves.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.