In the present study, a shape-independent differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) technique was used to measure the dehydration response during freezing of sperm cells from diploid and tetraploid Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas. This represents the first application of the DSC technique to sperm cells from nonmammalian species. Volumetric shrinkage during freezing of oyster sperm cell suspensions was obtained at cooling rates of 5 and 20°C/min in the presence of extracellular ice and 8% (v/v) concentration of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), a commonly used cryoprotective agent (CPA). Using previously published data, sperm cells from diploid oysters were modeled as a two-compartment “ball-on-stick” model with a “ball” 1.66 μm in diameter and a “stick” 41 μm in length and 0.14 μm wide. Similarly, sperm cells of tetraploid oysters were modeled with a “ball” 2.14 μm in diameter and a “stick” 53 μm in length and 0.17 μm wide. Sperm cells of both ploidy levels were assumed to have an osmotically inactive cell volume, Vb, of 0.6 Vo, where Vo is the isotonic (or initial) cell volume. By fitting a model of water transport to the experimentally obtained volumetric shrinkage data, the best-fit membrane permeability parameters (Lpg and ELp) were determined. The combined-best-fit membrane permeability parameters at 5 and 20°C/min for haploid sperm cells (or cells from diploid Pacific oysters) in the absence of CPAs were: Lpg = 0.30 × 10−15 m3/Ns (0.0017 μm/min-atm) and ELp = 41.0 kJ/mole (9.8 kcal/mole). The corresponding parameters in the presence of 8% DMSO were: Lpg[cpa] = 0.27 × 10−15 m3/Ns (0.0015 μm/min-atm) and ELp[cpa] = 38.0 kJ/mole (9.1 kcal/mole). Similarly, the combined-best-fit membrane permeability parameters at 5 and 20°C/min for diploid sperm cells (or cells from tetraploid Pacific oysters) in the absence of CPAs were: Lpg = 0.34 × 10−15 m3/Ns (0.0019 μm/min-atm) and ELp = 29.7 kJ/mole (7.1 kcal/mole). The corresponding parameters in the presence of 8% DMSO were: Lpg[cpa] = 0.34 × 10−15 m3/Ns (0.0019 μm/min-atm) and ELp[cpa] = 37.6 kJ/mole (9.0 kcal/mole). The parameters obtained in this study suggest that optimal rates of cooling for Pacific oyster sperm cells range from 40 to 70°C/min. These theoretical cooling rates are in close conformity with empirically determined optimal rates of cooling sperm cells from Pacific oysters, C. gigas.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.