Litter size in the pig is limited by uterine capacity, which is dependent on uterine size, placental size, and vascularity. Placentae of U.S. pig breeds, such as the Yorkshire, exhibit marked growth from mid to late gestation, increasing their surface area of endometrial attachment. In contrast, placentae of the prolific Chinese Meishan pig exhibit little growth from mid to late gestation; instead, they exhibit a marked and progressive increase in the density of placental blood vessels. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic and permeability-enhancing factor that is produced and secreted by placentae of several species, including the pig. The activity of VEGF is mediated through two specific receptors (VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2), both of which are expressed by placental and endometrial tissues in pigs and are thought to play a role in mediating increased vascularization and/or permeability at the fetal-maternal interface. The objectives of the present study were to determine concentrations of VEGF in fetal blood and placental fluids as well as placental and adjacent endometrial mRNA expression of VEGF, VEGF-R1, and VEGF-R2 on Days 30, 50, 70, 90, and 110 of gestation in Yorkshire and Meishan pigs. Day 90 Meishan conceptuses exhibited marked increases (P < 0.05) in placental VEGF mRNA expression as well as fetal blood and allantoic fluid concentrations of VEGF, which remained elevated through Day 110. In contrast, Yorkshire conceptuses failed to exhibit increases in placental VEGF mRNA expression or concentrations of VEGF in fetal blood or allantoic fluid until Day 110. Receptor mRNA expression patterns differed between Meishan and Yorkshire conceptuses, but no difference was found in their expression levels. Placental efficiency (fetal weight/placental weight) was higher (P < 0.05) on Days 90 and 110 in Meishan than in Yorkshire conceptuses. The earlier increase in VEGF protein and mRNA expression in the Meishan versus the Yorkshire conceptus may explain the previously reported increased vascularity and increased placental efficiency of this breed compared the Yorkshire breed.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.