The final maturation of spermatozoa produced in the testis takes place during their passage through the epididymis. In this process, the proteins secreted into the epididymal lumen along with changes in the pH and salt composition of the epididymal fluid cause several biochemical changes and remodeling of the sperm plasma membrane. The Crisp family is a group of cysteine-rich secretory proteins that previously consisted of three members, one of which—CRISP1—is an epididymal protein shown to attach to the sperm surface in the epididymal lumen and to inhibit gamete membrane fusion. In the present paper, we introduce a new member of the Crisp protein family, CRISP4. The new gene was discovered through in silico analysis of the epididymal expressed sequence tag library deposited in the UniGene database. The peptide sequence of CRISP4 has a signal sequence suggesting that it is secreted into the epididymal lumen and might thus interact with sperm. Unlike the other members of the family, Crisp4 is located on chromosome 1 in a cluster of genes encoding for cysteine-rich proteins. Crisp4 is expressed in the mouse exclusively in epithelial cells of the epididymis in an androgen-dependent manner, and the expression of the gene starts at puberty along with the onset of sperm maturation. The identified murine CRISP4 peptide has high homology with human CRISP1, and the homology is higher than that between murine and human CRISP1, suggesting that CRISP4 represents the mouse counterpart of human CRISP1 and could have similar effects on sperm membrane as mouse and human CRISP1.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.