Molecular determinants and mechanisms involved in ovarian follicular growth, ovulation, and luteinization are not well understood. The objective of this study was to identify genes expressed in bovine granulosa cells (GC) of dominant follicles (DF) and downregulated after hCG-induced ovulation, using the suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH). GC were collected from DF at Day 5 of the estrous cycle and from ovulatory follicles (OF) obtained 23 h following injection of hCG. A subtracted cDNA library (DF-OF) was generated and screened using unsubtracted (DF, OF) and subtracted (DF-OF, OF-DF) cDNAs as complex 32P-probes. A total of 32 nonredundant cDNAs were identified: 23 cDNAs matched with sequences of known biological function and 9 cDNAs with complete or partial sequences of undefined biological function. Detection of genes known to be downregulated during the periovulatory period in the bovine species, such as CPD, CYP11A1, CYP19A1, FSHR, LRP8/ ApoER2, and SERPINE2, validated the physiological model and analytical techniques used. For a subset of genes, such as ARFGAP3, CYP11A1, CYP19A1, FSHR, FST, GJA1, IDH3, INHBA, LHCGR, LHCGR lacking exon 10, PRC1, PRG1, RPA2, SCD, and TRIB2, gene expression profiles were compared by virtual Northern blot or reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction from follicles obtained at different developmental stages. Results confirmed a downregulation of the respective mRNAs in GC of OF compared with that of DF. We conclude that we have identified novel genes that are downregulated by hCG in bovine GC of DF during the periovulatory period, which may contribute to follicular growth, ovulation, and/or luteinization.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.