To isolate bovine oocyte marker genes, we performed suppressive and subtractive hybridization between oocytes and somatic tissues (i.e., intestine, lung, muscle, and cumulus cells). The subtracted library was characterized by sequencing 185 random clone inserts, representing 146 nonredundant genes. After Blast analysis within GenBank, 64% could be identified, 21% were homologous to unannotated expressed sequence tag (EST) or genomic sequences, and 15% were novel. Of 768 clone inserts submitted for differential screening by macroarray hybridization, 83% displayed a fourfold overexpression in the oocyte. The 40 most preferential nonredundant ESTs were submitted to GenBank analysis. Several well-known oocyte-specific genes were represented, including growth differentiation factor 9, bone morphogenetic protein 15, or the zona pellucida glycoprotein genes. Other ESTs were not identified. We investigated the expression profile of several candidates in the oocyte and a panel of gonadal and somatic tissues by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. B-cell translocation gene 4, cullin 1, MCF.2 transforming sequence, a locus similar to snail soma ferritin, and three unidentified genes were, indeed, preferentially expressed in the oocyte, even though most were also highly expressed in testis. The transcripts were degraded throughout preimplantation development and were not compensated for by embryonic transcription after the morula stage. These profiles suggest a role in gametogenesis, fertilization, or early embryonic development.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.