The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that, besides mediating toxic responses, may have a central role in ovarian physiology. Studying the actions of AHR ligands on granulosa cells function, we have found that beta-naphthoflavone amplifies the comitogenic actions of FSH and 17beta-estradiol in a dose-dependent manner. This amplification was even greater in cells that overexpress the AHR and was reversed by cotreatment with the AHR antagonist alpha-naphthoflavone, suggesting that this effect is mediated by the AHR. The estrogen receptor is likewise implicated in this phenomenon, because a pure antiestrogen abolished the described synergism. However, the more traditional inhibitory AHR-estrogen receptor interaction was observed on the estrogen response element-driven transcriptional activity. On the other hand, alpha-naphthoflavone inhibited dose-dependently the mitogenic actions of FSH and 17beta-estradiol. Beta-naphthoflavone induced the expression of Cyp1a1 and Cyp1b1 transcripts, two well-characterized AHR-inducible genes that code for hydroxylases that metabolize estradiol to catecholestrogens. Nevertheless, the positive effect of beta-naphthoflavone on proliferation was not caused by increased metabolism of estradiol to catecholestrogens, because these compounds inhibited the hormonally stimulated DNA synthesis. This latter inhibition exerted by catecholestrogens suggests that these hydroxylases would play a regulatory point in granulosa cell proliferation. Our study indicates that AHR ligands modulate the proliferation of rat granulosa cells, and demonstrates for the first time that an agonist of this receptor is able to amplify the comitogenic action of classical hormones through a mechanism that might implicate a positive cross-talk between the AHR and the estrogen receptor pathways.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.