The first activating mutation of the FSH receptor (FSHR*D567G) was identified in a gonadotropin-deficient hypophysectomized man who exhibited persistent spermatogenesis and fertility with only androgen replacement. We have determined the ability of FSHR* activity to maintain spermatogenesis and/or steroidogenesis during gonadotropin and androgen deprivation in mature transgenic FSHR* mice (Tg(Abpa-FSHR*D567G)1Cmal), hereafter referred to as Tg-FSHR* mice. Testes of untreated adult Tg-FSHR* males were equivalent in weight to nontransgenic controls but exhibited increased total Sertoli cell (24%) and spermatogonia (34%) numbers and nonsignificantly elevated spermatocyte-spermatid numbers (13%–17%). During sustained GNRH1 agonist treatment that markedly reduced (96%–98%) serum LH and testosterone (T) and decreased serum FSH (68%–72%), the testes of GNRH1 agonist-treated Tg-FSHR* mice remained significantly larger than treated nontransgenic controls. After 4 wk of gonadotropin suppression, Sertoli cell numbers were reduced in Tg-FSHR* testes to levels comparable with nontransgenic testes, whereas spermatogonia numbers were maintained at higher levels relative to nontransgenic testes. However, after 8 wk of GNRH1 agonist treatment, the total spermatogonia, spermatocyte, or postmeiotic spermatid numbers were reduced to equivalent levels in Tg-FSHR* and nontransgenic mice. FSHR* effects were further examined in gonadotropin-deficient hypogonadal Gnrh1hpg/Gnrh1hpg (Gnrh1−/−) mice during testicular regression following withdrawal of T after maximal T-stimulated spermatogenesis. After 6 wk of T withdrawal, spermatogonia, spermatocyte, and postmeiotic spermatid numbers in Tg-FSHR* Gnrh1−/− testes decreased to levels found in untreated Tg-FSHR* Gnrh1−/− testes. Basal serum T levels in untreated Tg-FSHR* Gnrh1−/− males were 2-fold higher than Gnrh1−/− controls, but following T treatment/withdrawal, serum T and epididymal weights declined to basal levels found in nontransgenic Gnrh1−/− mice. Therefore, FSHR* was unable to sustain circulating T or androgen-dependent epididymal size or postmeiotic spermatogenic development. We conclude that FSHR* activity enhances Sertoli and spermatogenic development in normal testes but has limited ability to maintain spermatogenesis during gonadotropin deficiency, in which the testicular response provided by the FSHR*D567G mutation resembled typical FSH-mediated but not steroidogenic activity.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.