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1 October 2006 Circadian Clock Gene Expression in the Ovary: Effects of Luteinizing Hormone
Bethany N. Karman, Shelley A. Tischkau
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Abstract

A molecular device that measures time on a daily, or circadian, scale is a nearly ubiquitous feature of eukaryotic organisms. A core group of clock genes, whose coordinated function is required for this timekeeping, is expressed both in the central clock and within numerous peripheral organs. We examined expression of clock genes in the rat ovary. Transcripts for core oscillator elements (Arntl, Clock, Per1, Per2, and Cry1) were present in the ovary as indicated by quantitative real-time RT-PCR. Rhythmic expression patterns ofArntl and Per2 transcripts and protein products were out of phase with respect to the central oscillator and in complete antiphase to each other. Expression of Arntl was significantly elevated after the LH surge on the day of proestrus. Finally, hCG treatment induced cyclic expression of both Arntl and Per2 gene products in hypophysectomized, immature rats primed with eCG. Collectively, these data suggest that the core underpinnings of the transcriptional/translational feedback loop that drives circadian rhythmicity is present in the rat ovary. Furthermore, the study identifies LH as a potential regulator of circadian clock gene rhythms in the ovary.

Bethany N. Karman and Shelley A. Tischkau "Circadian Clock Gene Expression in the Ovary: Effects of Luteinizing Hormone," Biology of Reproduction 75(4), 624-632, (1 October 2006). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.106.050732
Received: 4 January 2006; Accepted: 1 June 2006; Published: 1 October 2006
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