Cardiovascular adaptation is a hallmark of pregnancy. Here we report on vascular hyperresponsiveness to an endogenous vasodilator, adrenomedullin (ADM), during pregnancy. Intravenous administration of ADM dose dependently decreased the mean arterial pressure, and the decrease was significantly greater in pregnant compared with nonpregnant rats without affecting the heart rate. In endothelium-intact mesenteric artery precontracted by ED70 concentration of norepinephrine, the potency and efficacy of ADM in causing the vasodilation of mesenteric arterial rings from pregnant rats are significantly higher compared with nonpregnant females at diestrus. The magnitude of inhibition of concentration-dependent response to ADM by the inhibition of either soluble guanylate cyclase or adenylate cyclase was greater in pregnant rats. Moreover, ADM-induced cyclic nucleotide generation, both cGMP and cAMP, in the mesenteric artery was elevated during pregnancy and was sensitive to the receptor antagonist, ADM22–52. These findings suggest that during pregnancy the vasodilatory effects of ADM are greater and are associated with increased generation of cyclic nucleotides in resistance vessels, and these changes may be part of the cardiovascular adaptations that occur during pregnancy.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 76 • No. 1