In the bovine synepitheliochorial placenta, restricted trophoblast invasion requires complex interactions of integrin receptors with proteins of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and integrin receptors of neighboring cells. Activated integrins assemble to focal adhesions and are linked to the actin cytoskeleton via signaling molecules including alpha-actinin (ACTN), focal adhesion kinase (PTK2 or FAK), phosphotyrosine, and talin (TLN1). Aims of this study were to assess integrin activation and focal adhesion assembly within epithelial cells of bovine placentomes and low-passage (not transformed) placentomal caruncular epithelial cells cultured on dishes coated with ECM proteins. Immunofluorescence analysis was performed to colocalize the signaling molecules ACTN, PTK2, phosphotyrosine, and TLN1 with each other and with beta1-integrin (ITGB1) in placentomal cryosections throughout pregnancy and in caruncular epithelial cells in vitro. Antibody specificity was confirmed by Western blot. Cells were cultured on uncoated dishes, and the dishes were coated with fibronectin (FN), laminin (LAMA), and collagen type IV (COL4), thereby statistically assessing cell number and qualitatively assessing the expression pattern of ITGB1, phosphotyrosine, and TLN1. Results demonstrated integrin activation and focal adhesion assembly in the placentome and that low-passage caruncular epithelial cells maintain integrin-associated properties observed in vivo. Expression and/or colocalization of signaling molecules with ITGB1 confirmed, for the first time, integrin activation and participation in “outside-in” and “inside-out” signaling pathways. The prominent role of ECM, and FN in particular, in integrin signaling is supported by the in vitro enhancement of proliferation and focal adhesion expression. Thus, this in vitro model provides excellent potential for further mechanistic studies designed to elucidate feto-maternal interactions in the bovine placentome.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 79 • No. 2