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24 June 2009 Involvement of Phospholipase C-Related Inactive Protein in the Mouse Reproductive System Through the Regulation of Gonadotropin Levels
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Abstract

Phospholipase C-related but catalytically inactive protein (comprising PRIP-1 and PRIP-2 [officially designated PLCL1 and PLCL2]) was first identified in our laboratory, but the biological functions have remained elusive. Therefore, we generated Plcl1 and Plcl2 double-knockout mice (Plcl1tm1Mh; Plcl2tm1Tta) to gain insight into the biological function. Double-knockout mice apparently grew normally and became fertile; however, during animal maintenance, we noticed that mutant couples exhibited decreased litter events and litter size, indicating dysfunction of the reproductive system. Cross-mating experiments to discriminate whether males or females were defective indicated that the cause appeared to be on the female side. Mutant female mice had an apparently smaller uterus by gross anatomical observation and had more estrous days during the cycles. Levels of serum luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone were measured for 5–6 consecutive days and were significantly higher in the mutant, which was also confirmed by examining the secretion of LH from the explant culture of anterior pituitary glands of wild-type and double-knockout mice. These results suggest that through gonadotropin secretion, PRIP plays an important role in female reproduction.

Miho Matsuda, Koushirou Tsutsumi, Takashi Kanematsu, Kiyoko Fukami, Yoshihiro Terada, Tadaomi Takenawa, Keiichi I. Nakayama, and Masato Hirata "Involvement of Phospholipase C-Related Inactive Protein in the Mouse Reproductive System Through the Regulation of Gonadotropin Levels," Biology of Reproduction 81(4), 681-689, (24 June 2009). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.109.076760
Received: 6 February 2009; Accepted: 1 June 2009; Published: 24 June 2009
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