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15 July 2009 Inhibition of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor Signal Transduction Blocks Follicle Progression but Does Not Necessarily Disrupt Vascular Development in Perinatal Rat Ovaries
Renee M. McFee, Robin A. Artac, Ryann M. McFee, Debra T. Clopton, Robyn A. Longfellow Smith, Timothy G. Rozell, Andrea S. Cupp
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Abstract

We hypothesized that vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) angiogenic isoforms and their receptors, FLT1 and KDR, regulate follicular progression in the perinatal rat ovary. Each VEGFA angiogenic isoform has unique functions (based on its exons) that affect diffusibility, cell migration, branching, and development of large vessels. The Vegfa angiogenic isoforms (Vegfa_120, Vegfa_164, and Vegfa_188) were detected in developing rat ovaries, and quantitative RT-PCR determined that Vegfa_120 and Vegfa_164 mRNA was more abundant after birth, while Vegfa_188 mRNA was highest at Embryonic Day 16. VEGFA and its receptors were localized to pregranulosa and granulosa cells of all follicle stages and to theca cells of advanced-stage follicles. To determine the role of VEGFA in developing ovaries, Postnatal Day 3/4 rat ovaries were cultured with 8 μM VEGFR-TKI, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that blocks FLT1 and KDR. Ovaries treated with VEGFR-TKI had vascular development reduced by 94% (P < 0.0001), with more primordial follicles (stage 0), fewer early primary, transitional, and secondary follicles (stages 1, 3, and 4, respectively), and greater total follicle numbers compared with control ovaries (P < 0.005). V1, an inhibitor specific for KDR, was utilized to determine the effects of only KDR inhibition. Treatment with 30 μM V1 had no effect on vascular density; however, treated ovaries had fewer early primary, transitional, and secondary follicles and more primary follicles (stage 2) compared with control ovaries (P < 0.05). We conclude that VEGFA may be involved in primordial follicle activation and in follicle maturation and survival, which are regulated through vascular-dependent and vascular-independent mechanisms.

Renee M. McFee, Robin A. Artac, Ryann M. McFee, Debra T. Clopton, Robyn A. Longfellow Smith, Timothy G. Rozell, and Andrea S. Cupp "Inhibition of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor Signal Transduction Blocks Follicle Progression but Does Not Necessarily Disrupt Vascular Development in Perinatal Rat Ovaries," Biology of Reproduction 81(5), 966-977, (15 July 2009). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.109.078071
Received: 9 April 2009; Accepted: 1 June 2009; Published: 15 July 2009
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