The stage at which follicle-enclosed cumulus-oocyte complexes achieve developmental competence in primates is unknown. Therefore, studies were designed to characterize the ability of oocytes in small antral follicles present during the menstrual cycle to spontaneously resume meiosis, fertilize, and support early embryo development. Ovaries were removed from adult rhesus monkeys (n = 12) during the early follicular phase (Days 3–4) of spontaneous cycles. Small antral follicles were divided into five groups according to their diameter; group I: <0.5 mm; group II: 0.5–0.99 mm; group III: 1.0–1.49 mm; group IV: 1.5–1.99 mm; and group V: 2.0–2.5 mm. The cumulus-oocyte complex from healthy small antral follicles (devoid of dark oocytes or granulosa cells) were extracted (n = 199) and cultured for 48 h under different conditions: in TALP (tyrode, albumin, lactate, pyruvate) medium alone, SAGE medium alone, or plus gonadotropins. At 48 h, oocyte meiotic status and diameter were measured after treatment of cumulus-oocyte complexes with hyaluronidase. Cumulus-oocyte complexes derived from follicles of 0.5- to 2-mm diameter contain oocytes that typically reinitiate meiosis in the absence or presence of gonadotropins and fertilize via in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Moreover, the inseminated oocytes can reach the morula stage but arrest. Thus, the ability of these oocytes to complete maturation, as monitored from subsequent embryonic development after fertilization, is suboptimal. Further studies on primate IVM of oocytes from SAFs are warranted in order for them to be considered as an additional, novel source of gametes for fertility preservation in cancer patients.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 83 • No. 4