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25 August 2010 GATA Depletion Impacts Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 mRNA and Protein Levels in Luteinizing Porcine Granulosa Cells
Holly A. LaVoie, Richard J. Kordus, Jonathan B. Nguyen, Jeremy L. Barth, Yvonne Y. Hui
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Abstract

GATA4 and GATA6 are zinc-finger transcription factors that regulate specific genes involved in steroidogenesis. Using RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated reduction of GATA4 and/or GATA6 with microarray analysis, we aimed to identify novel GATA target genes in luteinizing porcine granulosa cells under vehicle- and cAMP-treated conditions. Microarray analysis identified IGF1 mRNA to be cAMP- and GATA-responsive, and real-time PCR demonstrated that the cAMP-induced increase in IGF1 mRNA was reduced under conditions of GATA6 depletion and GATA4 plus GATA6 depletion, but not GATA4 depletion. Insulin-like growth factor 1 protein levels in media were also decreased by GATA6 or GATA4 plus GATA6 reduction. IGFBP2 and IGFBP4 mRNAs were increased and IGFBP5 mRNA decreased with vehicle and cAMP treatment under GATA4 plus GATA6 RNAi conditions. GATA6 reduction alone increased basal IGFBP4 and decreased IGFBP5 with both vehicle and cAMP, and GATA4 reduction alone lowered cAMP IGFBP5 levels with cAMP. No changes in IGFBP3 mRNA were observed with GATA reduction relative to the control RNAi condition. Levels of insulin-like growth factor binding proteins 2–5 in media as assessed by Western ligand blotting were not altered by GATA reduction. Electromobility gel shift assays with two GATA-containing oligonucleotides of the IGF1 5′-regulatory region showed GATA4 and GATA6 could bind the more proximal GATA-B site. These studies indicate that although GATA4 and GATA6 can bind the porcine IGF1 5′-region, GATA6 is functionally most important for cAMP-stimulated mRNA levels. Using microarray analysis, we identified other mRNAs that were altered by GATA-reduced conditions, including ALDH1, DIO2, and EDNRB. Our findings further support GATA as a coordinator of endocrine/paracrine/autocrine signals in the ovary.

Holly A. LaVoie, Richard J. Kordus, Jonathan B. Nguyen, Jeremy L. Barth, and Yvonne Y. Hui "GATA Depletion Impacts Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 mRNA and Protein Levels in Luteinizing Porcine Granulosa Cells," Biology of Reproduction 83(6), 1015-1026, (25 August 2010). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.110.085969
Received: 12 May 2010; Accepted: 1 August 2010; Published: 25 August 2010
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