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20 October 2010 The Role of Luteinizing Hormone in Regulating Gene Expression During Selection of a Dominant Follicle in Cattle
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At approximately 8.5 mm in diameter, the future dominant follicle is “selected” for continued growth in cattle. In the present study, cows were treated with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor antagonist, acyline, just before follicle selection (near 7.8 mm) to investigate the role of LH in changing mRNA concentrations during selection of a dominant follicle. The ovaries containing the expected dominant follicle (EDF; first largest follicle) and expected largest subordinate follicle (ESF) were removed after 12 or 24 h of treatment. Real-time PCR was used to determine mRNA concentrations. ELISA was used to measure testosterone and 17beta-estradiol (E2) and radioimmunoassay to measure androstenedione (A4) in follicular fluid. Concentrations of E2 were greater in EDF than in ESF of untreated cows near the time of follicle selection (12 h) or at 12 h after selection (24 h). Testosterone, E2, and A4 were all dramatically decreased by acyline treatment at both times. In theca cells, acyline treatment reduced CYP17A1 (P450 17alpha) in EDF and STAR (steroidogenic acute regulatory protein) in both EDF and ESF but did not alter CYP11A1 (P450scc). In granulosa cells (GCs), LHCGR (luteinizing hormone [LH] receptor) was much greater in EDF than in ESF at both time of selection (739% greater) and 12 h after selection (2837% greater) and was decreased by acyline in EDF (87% decrease). The mRNA for CYP19A1 (cytochrome P450 aromatase) and PAPPA (pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A) tended to be greater in EDF than in ESF at follicle selection, and both mRNAs were much greater at 12 h after selection, with acyline significantly decreasing PAPPA mRNA after 24 h of treatment. The mRNA for FSHR (follicle-stimulating hormone receptor) was not different in EDF versus ESF and was not altered by acyline. Thus, induction of LHCGR mRNA in GCs is an early event during the follicle selection process, and surprisingly, expression of LHCGR mRNA is dependent on circulating LH. Production of follicular A4, testosterone, and E2 are also acutely related to LH but due to changes in expression of STAR and CYP17A1 in TC.

Wenxiang Luo, Ahmet Gumen, James M. Haughian, and Milo C. Wiltbank "The Role of Luteinizing Hormone in Regulating Gene Expression During Selection of a Dominant Follicle in Cattle," Biology of Reproduction 84(2), 369-378, (20 October 2010).
Received: 9 April 2010; Accepted: 1 September 2010; Published: 20 October 2010

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