Although genetics clearly influences the onset of menarche, the association of age at menarche (AAM) with variants in genes related to energy homeostasis remains unexplored. Our aim was to analyze the relationship of the Q223R polymorphism in the leptin receptor gene (LEPRQ223R) with AAM in a population-based sample of healthy pubertal girls. The study included 338 Spanish girls aged between 11 and 17 yr. Data were collected on AAM. The Q223R polymorphism in LEPR was detected by TaqMan allelic discrimination assays. Girls carrying the RR genotype had a significantly younger AAM (11.5 yr) than those carrying the QR (11.9 yr) or QQ (12.0 yr) genotype (P < 0.05). Furthermore, we found a significantly higher frequency of the RR genotype in girls with an AAM of 11 yr or younger than in girls with an AAM older than 12 yr (23.9% vs. 7.8%, χ2 = 11.17, P = 0.0008). Also, the RR genotype frequency in girls with an AAM between 11 and 12 yr was significantly higher than in girls with an AAM older than 12 yr (16.8% vs. 7.8%, χ2 = 3.97, P = 0.0046). The Q223R polymorphism in the LEPR gene is associated with variations in AAM among Spanish girls, with the RR genotype being related to earlier onset.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 84 • No. 4