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12 October 2011 Vitellogenin Expression in White Adipose Tissue in Female Teleost Fish
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In most oviparous animal species, oocyte growth occurs via the uptake of plasma egg yolk precursors, predominantly vitellogenins (Vtg). These glycolipoproteins are members of the large lipid transfer protein superfamily and key players in reproduction. While the vertebrate liver has been demonstrated to synthesize large amounts of Vtg, mostly under 17beta-estradiol control, the ability of other tissues to express significant amounts of Vtg has not been conclusively demonstrated. RT-PCR revealed vtg1 transcripts in female zebrafish and rainbow trout white adipose tissue (WAT). It was also found to coexpress mtp, known to perform the intracellular lipidation of Vtg prior to secretion. The liver and pancreas markers apobb2 and ins, or ela2, respectively, were not expressed in adipocytes. Whole-mount in situ hybridization and in situ RT-PCR tests of histological sections revealed vtg1 signal in adipocytes, whereas no signal was detected in infiltrated pancreatic islets. Transcript expression of vtg1 was induced in WAT of 17beta-estradiol-treated males, and the transcript and corresponding protein were detected in the thin rim of cytoplasm surrounding the adipocyte. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR showed that rainbow trout perivisceral WAT vtg1 transcript levels were high during early compared to late vitellogenesis. Taking normalized mRNA levels and tissue somatic index into account, vtg1 transcript levels at the beginning of oocyte yolk deposition were approximately 45 times lower in WAT than in liver, and these levels were not correlated to plasma Vtg and 17beta-estradiol concentrations. These findings suggest that WAT Vtg is implicated in providing components to the ovary during the early stages of vitellogenesis.

© 2012 by the Society for the Study of Reproduction, Inc.
Angèle Tingaud-Sequeira, Anja Knoll-Gellida, Michèle André, and Patrick J. Babin "Vitellogenin Expression in White Adipose Tissue in Female Teleost Fish," Biology of Reproduction 86(2), (12 October 2011).
Received: 1 June 2011; Accepted: 1 September 2011; Published: 12 October 2011

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