During the implantation period, the porcine conceptus secretes interleukin-1beta (IL1B) that may be involved in the establishment of pregnancy in pigs. However, the regulatory mechanism for IL1B receptor expression and the function of IL1B in the uterine endometrium are not well elucidated. In this study, we determined IL1B receptor expression in the uterine endometrium of pigs during pregnancy. IL1B receptor subtypes, IL1 receptor type I (IL1R1) and IL1 receptor accessory protein (IL1RAP) were expressed in the uterine endometrium with the expression being most abundant on Day 12 of pregnancy primarily in the luminal and glandular epithelial cells. Expression of IL1R1 mRNA increased in response to IL1B in a dose-dependent manner, and expression of IL1RAP mRNA increased in response to both IL1B and estradiol, indicating that expression of endometrial IL1B receptors was regulated cooperatively by IL1B and estrogen of conceptus origin. During the peri-implantation period, the porcine uterine endometrium actively synthesizes and secretes prostaglandins (PGs). IL1B increased expression of PTGS1 and PTGS2 genes that are rate-limiting for PG synthesis in the uterine endometrium. Collectively, the results indicated that IL1B regulates expression of IL1R1 and IL1RAP and stimulates expression of PTGS1 and PTGS2 that are considered to be the most rate-limiting enzymes for endometrial synthesis of PGs during the peri-implantation period of pregnancy in pigs.
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Vol. 87 • No. 2