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6 August 2014 Altered Protein Expression Profiles in Umbilical Veins: Insights into Vascular Dysfunctions of the Children Born after In Vitro Fertilization
Qian Gao, Hai-Tao Pan, Xian-Hua Lin, Jun-Yu Zhang, Ying Jiang, Shen Tian, Lu-Ting Chen, Miao-E Liu, Yi-Meng Xiong, He-Feng Huang, Jian-Zhong Sheng
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Abstract

Cardiovascular dysfunction and remodeling have been found in some children conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, the retrospective investigation showed that the blood pressure of IVF-conceived Chinese children was higher than that of naturally conceived (NC) children at ages 3–13 yr. We analyzed the expression profile of proteins in the umbilical veins of IVF and NC newborns by proteomic techniques. Using iTRAQ (isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation), 47 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified by feature selection in IVF umbilical veins compared with NC. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis, which is used to explore the signaling pathways of DEPs, revealed that these DEPs played important roles in vascular system development and carbon metabolism, implying that these DEPs might be potential candidates for further exploration of the mechanism(s) of vascular dysfunction in IVF children. We found that the serum estradiol (E2) level in the cord blood of IVF newborns was significantly higher than that of NC newborns. High concentrations of E2 induced alteration of lumican and vimentin expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, which was consistent with the proteomic results. These findings suggested that abnormal expression of proteins in umbilical veins might be related to the cardiovascular dysfunction and remodeling in IVF offspring. In conclusion, our data for the first time reveal the protein expression profile in blood vessels of IVF offspring and provide information for further mechanism study and evaluation of risks of cardiovascular abnormality in IVF children.

Qian Gao, Hai-Tao Pan, Xian-Hua Lin, Jun-Yu Zhang, Ying Jiang, Shen Tian, Lu-Ting Chen, Miao-E Liu, Yi-Meng Xiong, He-Feng Huang, and Jian-Zhong Sheng "Altered Protein Expression Profiles in Umbilical Veins: Insights into Vascular Dysfunctions of the Children Born after In Vitro Fertilization," Biology of Reproduction 91(3), (6 August 2014). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.114.120659
Received: 22 April 2014; Accepted: 1 July 2014; Published: 6 August 2014
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