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3 June 2015 Polyinosinic–Polycytidylic Acid Perturbs Ovarian Functions Through Toll-Like Receptor 3-Mediated Tumor Necrosis Factor A Production in Female Mice
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Abstract

Viral infections may perturb ovarian functions and female fertility. Mechanisms underlying viral perturbation of ovarian functions are incompletely understood. This study found that intraperitoneal injection of polyinosinic–polycytidylic acid [poly (I:C)] in female mice inhibits estradiol synthesis and induces ovarian granulosa cell apoptosis. Poly (I:C) is a synthetic viral double-stranded RNA analog, which induces innate antiviral responses mimicking a viral infection through activation of pattern recognition receptors, including toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3), retinoic acid-inducible gene I, and melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5. Injection of poly (I:C) significantly induced granulosa cell apoptosis in antral follicles and reduced antral follicle numbers. These effects were significantly diminished in Tlr3 knockout or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (Tnfa) knockout mice. We demonstrated that poly (I:C) induced TNFA production at a relatively high level in wild-type mice compared with that in Tlr3 knockout mice. Notably, TNFA neutralizing antibody significantly reduced poly (I:C)-induced ovarian dysfunction. In vitro assays confirmed that TNFA inhibits estradiol synthesis and induces granulosa cell apoptosis. Results provide novel insights into the mechanisms by which a mimicked viral infection perturbs ovarian functions in mice.

Keqin Yan, Lijing Cheng, Peng Liu, Zhenghui Liu, Shutao Zhao, Weiwei Zhu, Qing Wang, Han Wu, and Daishu Han "Polyinosinic–Polycytidylic Acid Perturbs Ovarian Functions Through Toll-Like Receptor 3-Mediated Tumor Necrosis Factor A Production in Female Mice," Biology of Reproduction 93(1), (3 June 2015). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.115.128348
Received: 17 January 2015; Accepted: 1 May 2015; Published: 3 June 2015
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