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16 December 2015 Key Signaling Events for Committing Mouse Pluripotent Stem Cells to the Germline Fate
Jian-Qi Wang, Wen-Guang Cao
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Abstract

The process of germline development carries genetic information and preparatory totipotency across generations. The last decade has witnessed remarkable successes in the generation of germline cells from mouse pluripotent stem cells, especially induced germline cells with the capacity for producing viable offspring, suggesting clinical applications of induced germline cells in humans. However, to date, the culture systems for germline induction with accurate sex-specific meiosis and epigenetic reprogramming have not been well-established. In this study, we primarily focus on the mouse model to discuss key signaling events for germline induction. We review mechanisms of competent regulators on primordial germ cell induction and discuss current achievements and difficulties in inducing sex-specific germline development. Furthermore, we review the developmental identities of mouse embryonic stem cells and epiblast stem cells under certain defined culture conditions as it relates to the differentiation process of becoming germline cells.

Jian-Qi Wang and Wen-Guang Cao "Key Signaling Events for Committing Mouse Pluripotent Stem Cells to the Germline Fate," Biology of Reproduction 94(1), (16 December 2015). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.115.135095
Received: 31 August 2015; Accepted: 1 December 2015; Published: 16 December 2015
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