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3 August 2016 Downregulation of miR-199a-5p Disrupts the Developmental Potential of In Vitro-Fertilized Mouse Blastocysts
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Abstract

Although in vitro fertilization (IVF), one of the most effective and successful assisted reproductive technologies, is widely used for treating infertility and in animal breeding, increasing evidence indicates that IVF offspring are linked to various short- or long-term consequences. Erroneous epigenetic modifications induced by IVF are suspected of contributing to these consequences. Among these epigenetic modifications, microRNAs may affect embryo implantation and early postimplantation development. Here, we performed comparative microRNA profiling between in vivo-fertilized (IVO group) and in vitro-fertilized (IVF group) mouse embryos at Embryonic Day 3.5 (E3.5) and E7.5. Our dynamic analyses showed that the dysregulated microRNAs were mainly associated with the regulation of genes involved in carcinogenesis, genetic information processing, glucose metabolism, cytoskeleton organization, and neurogenesis. Further analysis showed that miR-199a-5p was consistently downregulated in IVF embryos compared with their IVO counterparts. Through gain- and loss-of-function experiments, we demonstrated that IVF-induced downregulation of miR-199a-5p results in a higher glycolytic rate and lower developmental potential of IVF blastocysts, including cell lineage misallocation and lower fetal survival post implantation. Therefore, preventing downregulation of miR-199a-5p may become an effective strategy for improving the development of IVF peri-implantation embryos in the future.

Kun Tan, Xiaodong Wang, Zhenni Zhang, Kai Miao, Yong Yu, Lei An, and Jianhui Tian "Downregulation of miR-199a-5p Disrupts the Developmental Potential of In Vitro-Fertilized Mouse Blastocysts," Biology of Reproduction 95(3), (3 August 2016). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.116.141051
Received: 11 April 2016; Accepted: 1 July 2016; Published: 3 August 2016
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