The acquisition of dominance and ovulatory capacity was evaluated in follicles from cows that were carriers or half-sibling noncarriers of the Trio allele. Follicle size at acquisition of follicular dominance was determined by evaluating whether follicles ovulate after GnRH challenge (ovulatory capacity—experiment 1) and by determination of intrafollicular concentrations of estradiol and free insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and relative mRNA expression of cytochrome P450 family 19 subfamily A member 1 (CYP19A1), luteinizing hormone/choriogonadotropin receptor (LHCGR), and pappalysin 1 (PAPPA, previously known as pregnancy-associated plasma protein A, pappalysin 1) in granulosa cells from follicles of different sizes (experiment 2). Ovulatory capacity developed in follicles at 8.3 mm (50% ovulatory capacity) in noncarriers but at smaller sizes (5.5 mm) in Trio carriers. Similarly, in experiment 2, follicles of Trio carriers acquired a dominant phenotype, as determined by intrafollicular estradiol and CYP19A1, LHCGR, and PAPPA mRNA expression in granulosa cells, at significantly smaller sizes but at a similar time after wave emergence. Overall, dominance/ovulatory capacity was acquired when follicles of Trio carriers were ∼30% the size (volume basis) of follicles in noncarriers. In addition, follicles in Trio carriers appear to acquire dominance in a hierarchal manner, as demonstrated by the progressively greater number of follicles with a dominant phenotype between days 2 and 4 after wave emergence. Thus, results from this study provide further support for a physiological model in which selection of multiple follicles in Trio allele carriers is characterized by acquisition of dominance at a smaller follicle size but at a similar time in the follicular wave with multiple follicles acquiring dominance in a hierarchal sequence.
Results support a model for selection of multiple follicles in Trio allele carriers due to acquisition of dominance at a smaller follicle size but similar time in the follicular wave with multiple follicles acquiring dominance in a hierarchal sequence.